How to Define Fume and Sources of Fume in a Fume Hood

How to Define Fume and Sources of Fume in a Fume Hood

Large equipment should be placed on blocks so that it is elevated above the hood’s surface. It should also be placed toward the rear of the hood, since large items near the face can cause excessive air turbulence and variations in face velocity. A hood should never be used as a storage bin for chemicals. Instead, shelves placed on the sides of the hood can store chemicals and other items.

Face velocity

Face velocity is a measure of the air speed coming into a fume hood through the face opening. Recommended values are between 0.3 m/s (60 fpm) and 0.5 m/s (100 fpm), with some variations based on local safety regulations. The lower the face velocity, the safer the fume hood is to use.

A fume hood can be configured to have a lower face velocity by adjusting the mechanical system or adding fume hood accessories. You should discuss options with your fume hood manufacturer. High face velocities can be a safety and health risk, so it is important to find the right combination for your fuming application.

Face velocity is the distance at which the face of a fuming employee must travel within a fume hood to reach a specified level of concentration. A face velocity of between 0.3 and 0.5 m/s can be a good indicator that the fume hood is working well and does not require further corrective action.

Ductless fume hoods

Ductless fume hoods have several benefits, including the fact that they don’t use the building HVAC system. Instead, they move contaminated air through HEPA filters before pushing it back into the laboratory. This means that they are more environmentally friendly, while reducing energy costs.

Ductless fume hoods are a great choice for labs with low or moderate chemical loads and mobility. They also save money on operational and installation costs. Because these fume hoods do not require ductwork connections, they can be placed anywhere. Choosing the right one is crucial to the health and safety of your staff.

When deciding between a ducted and a ductless fume hood, consider the space you have available for the hood. The ducted version is fixed in place. These units are typically installed in older buildings or in buildings with limited space. On the other hand, a ductless fume hood can be easily moved to another location and be used at the same time.

Tracer gas containment test

Tracer gas containment tests are conducted to assess the effectiveness of containment systems. During these tests, low concentrations of tracer gas are released into defined areas of a building. Then, the gas is monitored for its detection in the building and its surroundings. Alternatively, the tracer gas can be released from a point source outside the building. Data obtained from this test can be used to compare flow patterns and to evaluate containment effectiveness.

The use of tracer gases has several applications. First, they help determine the extent of leaks in chemical processes. These gases are odourless and non-toxic, so they mimic the actual chemical flow pathways inside a building. Another use for tracer gas is to detect leaks in oxygen distribution devices and fuel systems in aircraft. It can also be used in the petrochemical industry and semiconductor manufacturing to determine the effectiveness of processes such as hydrocracking and catalytic reforming.


Fume is a word in the English language that means gas or smoke. Depending on what context you are in, fume can be defined as both. For example, fume can be used to describe anger and can also be used to describe the smoke that is produced by a grill. Fumes are very strong and can be harmful to the health of the person exposed to them.

There are several types of fume hoods. These hoods are typically set back from the walls and equipped with infills over the exhaust ductwork. They are often not well-lit by general room lighting, but many of them have internal lights with vapor-proof covers. The front is usually glass, and some have movable panels or glass sides and backs. They also commonly have low-air flow alarm control panels.


Sources of fume are gases or other substances that can cause a hazardous atmosphere. Most are invisible and result from a change in air composition caused by a process or chemical reaction. Some are toxic, causing damage to the lungs or even asphyxiation. Others are simply irritants.

These fumes were collected from ferrosilicon and silicomanganese production plants. The fume is analyzed by using an ELPI, an analytical instrument that requires particle density in order to function. The instrument assumes an amorphous silica particle density of about 2.2 g/cm3.

Fumes from welding and other metal-working processes are considered a health risk. If not treated properly, these gases can lead to serious health problems, including cancer. Welding fumes can also cause lead poisoning, anemia, metal fume fever, and sinus irritation. These toxic gases can build up without warning, and workers should be placed away from the fumes to avoid the risk.